Protected areas are among key tools for major ecosystems conservation and maintenance of natural conditions on a regional scale. Landscapes are getting fragmented currently due to linear structures construction (roads, power lines, conduits etc.), expansion of farmlands and development of new mineral deposits, so protected areas become the last refuge for many animal and plant species which otherwise are doomed to go extinct. Protected areas wholly preserve natural comlexes, with all the diversity and complexity of their ecological structure.

At the 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity in Nagoya, Japan (2010), the member countries commited to expand protected areas by 2020. At least 17% of the land territory and 10% of marine area of the member countries (including marine areas beyond national jurisdictions) are to be taken under protection.

Protected areas (PAs) in Russia occupy about 12% of country’s total area (by 2012). Moreover, national-level PAs occupy 3% of country’s territory. Russian system of PAs is represented by 244 national-level PAs (102 strict nature reserves, 43 national parks, 71 federal nature sanctuaries, 28 federal natural monuments) and more than 11500 regional and local PAs of different categories.

The legislative regulation of PAs functioning is provided by the Federal Law No.33-FZ “On Specially Protected Natural Areas” (approved by the State Duma of the Russian Federation on February 15, 1995).

WWF-Russia has five directions of work related to protected areas:

  • Creating new PAs and expanding existing ones in priority terrestrial ecoregions and marine area;
  • Improving efficiency of existing PAs in priority ecoregions;
  • Scientific and methodological development;
  • Improving legislative and regulatory frameworks;
  • WWF-Russia also implements the small grants programme for Russian nature reserves and national parks. It is the only programme of WWF-Russia which is not limited to priority ecoregions and is targeted at development of PAs’ conservation activities.

Natural reserves conservation news

Новое издание

March 2017