Currently in the Arctic region has been an increase in economic activity associated primarily with the release of large marine spaces from ice.
The main drivers were the development of hydrocarbon deposits of the Arctic shelf and opening of the Northern Sea Route, followed by the development of coastal infrastructure. This will entail:
• the development of different types of fisheries and related research vessels work, the regular passage of ships and tankers - handlers;
• increasing shipping traffic (both along the coast and the Northern Sea Route; passenger transport along the coast of the Bering Sea tourist-excursion activities);
• oil and gas extraction and mining;
• the development of other economic projects, including the floating nuclear power plants.
In connection with the above, the growing negative human impact on the ecosystem of the Strait, the adjacent sea areas and the coast can be expressed as:
• pollution by oil products;
• noise interference;
• disturbing of marine mammal’s rookeries;
• contact with rare species of animals and birds in fishing gear;
• pollution associated with emergency vehicles and vessels (including carrying petroleum products), radioactive contamination;
• violation of traditional livelihoods of coastal settlements Alaska.
Given the above, WWF Russia is working to assess the possible negative consequences of anthropogenic impact of shipping on the various components of the environment (baseline conditions , marine mammals and birds, ichthyocene etc.) in Russian Arctic waters as well as on the traditional livelihoods of Indigenous Peoples in the coastal Arctic settlements.
At the current stage of the work were drawn conclusions and recommendations that have been filed to the Government and presented at major Russian and international forums on shipping and development of the Arctic and the NSR.
Interactive map could help you assess the activity of Russian Statistics navigable waters since 2010, and also create their own cartographic objects that reflect the spatial characteristics of the environment.
Our work on the development of the analytical capabilities of an interactive map, as well as work continues on the development of recommendations.
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